Emanuel Taylor Hays (1907-1972)

Another post in my series on people who have been connected to my late father-in-law’s farm In Pilsley, Derbyshire.

Emanuel was born on the 28th January 1907 in Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire to parents Anthony and Jane (née Taylor).1 He had three half-siblings from Anthony’s first marriage to Rachel Flint; Hannah, Sarah Ellen and William Anthony. At the time of his birth, he had one older full sibling, John Thomas, born 1902. Edmund Henry was born in 1908.2

On the 3rd July 1909 his father Anthony bought the farmhouse and the family moved back to Pilsley, where Anthony was born. Anthony had a mortgage from the Clay Cross Benefit Building Society which he cleared in August 1916.3

In 1911 the family were living at 32 Morton Road, Pilsley. Anthony and his eldest son William were working as coal miners. Emanuel was four.4 Two more siblings were born; Ruth Taylor in 1913 and Isabella in 1914.5

On the 13th March 1924, Anthony bought two fields on the map below from the Chesterfield and District Co-Operative Society Ltd, again with a mortgage from the Clay Cross Benefit Building Society. He clears this in March 1927.6

Emanuel married Mary Alice Wright, daughter of Christopher and Alice Wright of Pilsley, in the third quarter of 1931.7 They have a son, Russell in 1938.8

On the 15th April 1939, Emmanuel bought the entire property from his father for the sum of £700.9

In the 1939 census, Emanuel is living in Morton Road with his wife Mary Alice and son Russell. Also in the house is Christopher Wright, Mary’s father. There are two further redacted records.10 He is recorded in Kelly’s Directory of 1941 living at 32 Morton Road, Pilsley.11

In 1943 Emanuel purchased two fields from the Managing Trustees of North Wingfield Church Lands Charity for £65. Emanuel is described as a farmer living at 32 Morton Road, Pilsley.12

Jane, Emanuel’s mother, died on the 31st May 1944.13

Anthony, Emanuel’s father died on the 5th April 1945. Probate was granted to John Thomas Hays and Ruth Taylor Hays. Estate £1408 4s 11d.14

In 1960, Emanuel sold the farm and land to Edward and Barbara Townend. Emanuel gives his address as Morton Lodge, Morton. One of the witnesses is Alice Robinson also of Morton Lodge.15

Emmanuel retires to Sennen in Cornwall, where he died on 21st July 1972 and is buried at the parish church.16

Probate was granted in November 1972. Emmanuel left £13,470.17

As yet I’ve been unable to find a death record for Mary Alice.

The farmhouse, showing the front lawn and orchard


Sources

  1. Emanuel Hays birth; FreeBMD birth ref
  2. Edmund Hays birth; FreeBMD birth ref
  3. Anthony Hays purchase of farm; Conveyancing Document in hand
  4. 1911 Census; The National Archives of the UK (TNA); Kew, Surrey, England; Census Returns of England and Wales, 1911
  5. Ruth & Isabella birth; FreeBMD birth ref
  6. Anthony Hays purchase of field; Conveyancing Document in hand
  7. Emanuel & Mary Wright marriage; FreeBMD marriage ref
  8. Russell Hays birth; FreeBMD birth ref
  9. Emanuel Hays purchase of farm; Conveyancing Document in hand
  10. 1939 Register; The National Archives; Kew, London, England; 1939 Register; Reference: RG 101/5954H
  11. Kelly’s Directory 1941; Kelly’s Directory, Derbyshire 1941 digital image, Ancestry.com
  12. Emanuel Hays purchase of fields; Conveyancing Document in hand
  13. Jane Taylor death; Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald 09 June 1944
  14. Anthony Hays probate; England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995 [database on-line].
  15. Edward & Barbara Townend purchase of farm; Conveyancing Document in hand
  16. Emanuel Hays Death & Burial; Cornwall, England, Parish Registers, 1538-2010
  17. Emanuel Hays Probate; England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995


© Caroline Cox and Caroline’s Chronicles. 2011 – current year

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